jueves, 26 de noviembre de 2009

Anexo:Lista de Gardiner (U) agricultura y artesanía

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De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

La lista de Gardiner es una clasificación de los jeroglíficos egipcios en 26 subgrupos que el egiptólogo británico Alan Gardiner realizó en su Gramática de la lengua egipcia. Estos subgrupos suman 763 jeroglíficos.

← Grupo T Grupo U Grupo V →
HierU.png

Contenido

[ocultar]

U – Agricultura y artesanía [editar]

En este grupo encontramos 41 jeroglíficos con temas referentes a la agricultura y la artesanía.

Código Jerogl. Transl. Objeto representado Descripción
U1
U1
Hoz
(símbolo combinado en: G3, G46 y S31)
Determinativo e ideograma de hoz.
Fonograma del sonido ma.
U2
U2
U3
U3
Hoz con ojo Fonograma del sonido ma (sólo en "sehen" maa).
U4
U4
mȝˁ Hoz con una peana Abreviatura de verdad.
Fonograma del sonido maa (sólo en "maat").
U5
U5
U6
U6
mr Azada Determinativo de cultivar la tierra.
Fonograma del sonido mr.
U7
U7
Ideograma de amar.
Determinativo e ideograma de cultivar el suelo.
Fonograma del sonido mr.
U8
U8
ḥn Azada (brazos) Ideograma de manejar la azada.
Fonograma del sonido hn.
U9
U9
bdt,
ḫȝy
Recipiente con granos cayendo Determinativo de cereales, medida y grado.
U10
U10
it, bdt Recipiente con granos cayendo y encima Determinativo e ideograma de cebada y trigo.
U11
U11
ḥqȝt (combina U9 y S38) Abreviatura de la medida Heqat.
U12
U12
(combina U9 y D50)
U13
U13
skȝ, hb, šnˁ Arado Determinativo de arado.
Determinativo fonético del sonido shna.
Fonograma del sonido hb.
U14
U14
šnˁ Maderas Determinativo fonético del sonido shna
U15
U15
tm Trineo Fonograma del sonido tm.
U16
U16
byȝ Trineo con cabeza de perro Determinativo de trineo.
Fonograma del sonido bya.
U17
U17
grg Azada clavada en la tierra Ideograma de establecer.
Determinativo fonético del sonido grg
U18
U18
Azada clavada en un estanque
U19
U19
nu Azuela Fonograma del sonido nu.
U20
U20
U21
U21
stp Azuela clavada en madera Determinativo e ideograma de elegir.
Abreviatura de elegido.
Fonograma del sonido stp.
U22
U22
smnḫ Cincel Determinativo para cincel, tallar y moda.
U23
U23
mr, ȝb Cincel Fonograma de sonidos mr, ab (en desear y estar unidos en).
U24
U24
ḥmt Taladro perforador de piedra Ideograma para artesanía.
U25
U25
U26
U26
ubȝ Taladro de perforación Ideograma de copero, mayordomo.[1]
U27
U27
U28
U28
ḏȝ,
uḏȝ
Torno para hacer fuego Ideograma relativo a encender.
Abreviatura para curación y saludable.
Fonograma del sonido dya.
U29
U29
U30
U30
Horno de alfarero Ideograma para horno.
Fonograma del sonido ta.
U31
U31
rtḥy, rtḥ,
ḫnr, ḫny
Gancho vuelto Determinativo e ideograma de panadería.
Determinativo fonético de los sonidos rthy, rth, jnr, jny.
U32
U32
sḥm, ḥmȝt,
dns, smn
Mortero Determinativo de desmantelar, sal y difícil.
Determinativo fonético del sonido smn.
U33
U33
ṯ,
t,
ṯt
Mano de mortero Ideograma de mano de mortero.
Fonograma de sonidos ty, T.
U34
U34
ḫsf Husillo Ideograma de husillo.
Fonograma del sonido jsf.
U35
U35
ḫsf Husillo con vívora
U36
U36
ḥmuu, ḥm Bastón de batanero Ideograma de majestad (ḥm) y lavandero (ḥmuu).
Fonograma del sonido jm.
U37
U37
ẖˁq Navaja de afeitar Determinativo de afeitar.
U38
U38
mḫȝt Balanza Determinativo y ideograma de balanza.
U39
U39
uṯs, ṯs Soporte de una balanza Determinativo de soporte de una balanza.
Determinativo fonético de sonidos uchs, chs.
U40
U40
U41
U41
tḫ Centro de una balanza Determinativo para equilibrio.

Referencias [editar]

  1. Collier. pg. 114.

Bibliografía [editar]

Véase también [editar]

Enlaces externos [editar]

Commons

Categorías: Lista de jeroglíficos de Gardiner | Wikiproyecto Antiguo Egipto

List of hieroglyphs/german-Gardiner-list-translatedOneRiotYahooAmazonTwitterdel.icio.us

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Gardiner's Sign List is a list of common Egyptian hieroglyphs compiled by Sir Alan Gardiner. It is considered a standard reference in the study of Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs.

Gardiner lists only the most common forms of Egyptian hieroglyphs, but he includes extensive subcategories, and also both vertical and horizontal forms for many hieroglyphs. He includes size-variation forms to aid with the reading of hieroglyphs in running blocks of text. (The Budge Reference has about 1000 hieroglyphs listed in 50 pages, but with no size varieties.)

Unfortunately he does not cross index signs, once put on the list, other significant uses may be overlooked. One example of this is G16, nbtỉ, the ideogram for The Two Ladies, goddesses Wadjet as cobra and Nekhbet as the white vulture. These are the protecting and patron goddesses of the separate Egyptian kingdoms that joined into Ancient Egypt, who were both then displayed on the uraeus of Wadjet when the unification occurred and afterward considered jointly to be the protectors of Egypt and the pharaohs. This ideogram is listed only on the bird list as G16, and overlooked on the deity list and the reptile list.

Other subcategories included by Gardiner are abbreviations and personalized forms, and also a complete subset, used on papyrus, specifically for the Book of the Dead.

Contents

[hide]

[edit] Hieroglyphs

[edit] A - Men and Their Occupations

Group A consists of 63 hieroglyphics and can be subdivided into 30 sitting persons, 20 standing persons as well as lying, standing and falling male figures.

[edit] B - Women and Their Activities

Group B is composed of only 7 hieroglyphs, all of them sitting women. Even birth (or the birth) is portrayed in a kneeling position. It is inferred that this was the birthing position in old Egypt.[1]

[edit] C - Deities in Human Form

Group C includes all sitting divinity profiles with their attributes and consists of 20 hieroglyphics.

[edit] D - Parts of the Human Body

Group D has 63 hieroglyphics and is one of the most extensive categories. In this group, the different hieroglyphics include the head, eye, Eye of Horus, parts of the eye, nose, mouth, arms, hand etc.

[edit] E - The Mammal

Group E contains 34 hieroglyphics, including hieroglyphics for cow, horse, hippopotamus, ape, giraffe, rabbit, jackal, elephant, etc.

[edit] F - Parts of the Mammal

Gardiners List F1-F27.png

to this group 53 hieroglyphics count. In many cases, the cow was requisitioned because it was trusted and because its ears were to be represented for example better than that of the person. In this group are hieroglyphics for the cows head, cow heir, cows tube, cow skin, horn, animal tongue, heart with windpipe, lion head, front part of a lion, rear of a lion etc. are found.

  • F1 abbreviation for cow (jach)
  • F2 Determinative for fury (djnd)
  • F3 sound sign for At
  • F4 sound sign for achAt. Ideogram for front (achAt), tip
  • F5 sound sign for schsA, sschA *F6 sound sign for schsA, sschA *F7 Determinative for would become (schfyt) would become (schfyt)
  • F8 Determinative for
  • F9 sound sign for * At
  • F10 Determinative for throat (ichich), swallow (at that), neck
  • F11 Determinative for throat (ichich), swallow (at that), neck
  • F12 sound sign for wsr. Ideogram for nape (wsrt)
  • F13 sound sign for wp, jp (only with "messenger" (jpwtj) and "mission" (jpt). Ideogram for ears (wpt), top of the head
  • F14 abbreviation for new year (wpt-rnpt)
  • F15 abbreviation for new year (wpt-rnpt)
  • F16 sound sign for from ( = phon. Det.) Determinative and Ideogram for horn (dp) (from)
  • F17 Determinative and Ideogram for cleaning (abw)
  • F18 sound sign for stream Determinative and Ideogram for tooth (jbach) (nachdjt), actions with the teeth: bite (psach)
  • F19 Determinative for jaw (type)
  • F20 sound sign for achw, bjA, bj in "character" (bjt) sound sign for ns Determinative and Ideogram for tongue (ns), director (jmj-rA) (mr), actions with the tongue: taste (dp)
  • F21 for Hear (sdjm) Ideogram for ear (msdjr), leaf of a tree (djrdj), actions with the ears:
  • F22 sound sign for kfA sound sign for pach Determinative and Ideogram for end (pachwj), rear, ground of a container (kfA)
  • F23 Determinative and Ideogram for front thigh (ichpsch), constellation large bear (msichtjw), thigh
  • F24 Determinative and Ideogram for front thigh (ichpsch), constellation large bear (msichtjw), thigh
  • F25 sound sign for wachm. Ideogram for hoof (wachmt)
  • F26 sound sign for achn. Ideogram for animal fur (achnt)
  • F27 Determinative for leather (dachr), skin, mouse (pnw), mammal
    Gardiners List F28-F52.png
  • F28 sound sign for off. Ideogram for spotted (sAb), colorfully
  • F29 sound sign for st (stj) Determinative and Ideogram for through ski meal (stj)
  • F30 sound sign for schd
  • F31 sound sign for ms. Ideogram for Schurz out of fur (mst)
    F32
  • F32 sound sign for alas. Ideogram for body (eight), belly. This sign stands in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC for the sound “ch”
  • F33 Determinative for tail (sd)
  • F34 Determinative and Ideogram for heart (jb) (achAtj)
  • F35 sound sign for nfr. Ideogra for beautifully (its) (nfr)
  • F36 sound sign for smA. Ideogram for lung (smA)
  • F37 sound sign for sm Determinative and Ideogram for back (wEEDED) (psdj)
  • F38 Determinative for back (psdj)
  • F39 sound sign for jmAich Determinative and Ideogram for back mark (jmAich), venerable, approach, back (psdj) (rarely)
  • F40 sound sign for Aw
  • F41 Determinative for back (psdj), Gemetzel (schat)
  • F42 sound sign for spr. Ideogram for rib (spr)
  • F43 Determinative for rib meat piece (spacht)
  • F44 sound sign for jsw Determinative for leg bone with meat, thigh (jwa)
  • F45 Ideogram for Vulva (jdt), cow
  • F46 sound sign for qAb, wdjb, wdb sound sign for pachr, dbn. Ideogram for entrails (qAb)
  • F47 sound sign for qAb, wdjb, wdb sound sign for, pachr, dbn. Ideogram for entrails (qAb)
  • F48 sound sign for qAb, wdjb, wdb sound sign for, pachr, dbn. Ideogram for entrails (qAb)
  • F49 sound sign for qAb, wdjb, wdb sound sign for, pachr, dbn. Ideogram for entrails (qAb)
  • F50 abbreviation for copy (spachr)
  • F51 sound sign for *ace, (ace) in "Isis", (ws) in Wsjr Determinative for meat (haw), body limb (at), neck (nachbt)
  • F52 Determinative for excrement (e) (alas it)


[edit] G - Birds

Gardiners List G1-G25.png

This group contains 54 hieroglyphics and is also one of the most extensive. It contains birds like the Sacred Ibis, the Egyptian Vulture, the bennu, a cormorant, waterfowl, the quail chick, and a others.

G1
  • G1 Egyptian vulture. Uniliteral phonogram for aleph (transliterated "a", "ȝ" or "3"): a glottal stop (and possibly a alveolar lateral approximant in Old Egyptian).
  • G2 Two Egyptian vultures. Phonogram for ȝȝ
  • G3 Egyptian Vulture + sickle (U1) Phonogram for mȝ
  • G4 Hawk. Phonogram for tw, tỉw
  • G5 Ideogram for Horus (ḥr.w)
  • G6 Determinative for falcon (bỉk)
  • G7 Determinative and Ideogram for (royal) I (ỉ), me (wỉ), God Horus (alas), God Amun (ỉmn), king (nsw)
  • G7a Ideogram for Nemti (nmtỉ)
  • G7b Ideogram for Nemti (nmtỉ)
  • G8 Ideogram for Goldhorus (hr-nbw)
  • G9 Ideogram for God re-Harachte (ra-achr-Aichtỉ)
  • G10 Henu-Barke of the Sokar (achnw)
  • G11 Determinative for Achom (aachn) (aschm) (aichm), Gods picture, breast (schnbt)
  • G12 Determinative for Achom (aachn) (aschm) (aichm), Gods picture, breast (schnbt)
  • G13 Determinative for Horus of Hierakonpolis (alas) (nichny), God Sopdu (spdw)
  • G14 sound sign for mt. Ideogram for geese vulture (nrt)
  • G15 Ideogram for God courage (mwt)
  • G16 Ideogram for the two ladies, goddesses Wadjet and Nekhbet, (nbtỉ)
  • G17 owl. This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the consonant “m
    G17
  • G18 Phonogram for mm
  • G19 sound sign for mỉ, m
  • G20 sound sign for mỉ, m
  • G21 sound sign for after. Ideogram for helmet perl chicken (after)
  • G22 Phonogram for dỉb
  • G23 Phonogram for subjects (richyt)
  • G24 Phonogram for subjects (richyt)
  • G25 Phonogram for Aich. Ideogram for alas-spirit (Aich)
Gardiners List G26-G54.png
  • G26 Determinative for Ibis (hb), (ibisartiger) God Thot (dỉachwtỉ)
  • G26a Determinative for Ibis (hb), (ibisartiger) God Thot (dỉachwtỉ)
  • G27 Phonogram for dschr Determinative for Flamingo (dschr)
  • G28 Phonogram for gm
  • G29 Phonogram for bA. Ideogram for Ba-soul in bird shape (bA)
  • G30 Ideogram for power (bAw)
  • G31 Determinative for the Egyptian "Phoenix" [ Benu (bnw), Reihervögel
  • G32 Determinative and Ideogram for inundated be (baachỉ)
  • G33 Phonogram for sdA. Ideogram for Seda-bird (sdA)
  • G34 Determinative for bouquet (nỉw)
  • G35 Phonogram for aq
  • G36 Phonogram for wr Determinative for swallow (mnt). Zweikonsonantenzeichen „wr“
  • G37 Determinative for small (ndỉs), badly (bỉn)
  • G38 Phonogram for gb (only in Gods name) Determinative for bird (Apd), insect, Bläßgans (tỉrp), goose
  • G39 Phonogramn for Determinative sOWED and Ideogram for son (sOWED) (only Ideogram), spear duck (sAt)
  • G40 Phonogram for pA Determinative and Ideogram for that (pA) (only Ideogram), fly (pA) (more rarely)
  • G41 Phonogram for ichn, amyt, sachw Determinative and Ideogram for mäßten (wschA), food (dỉfA)
    G43
  • G43 quail chick. This on consonant sign becomes in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC the reproduction of the sound “w” and/or "u" used.
  • G44 Phonogram for ww, oo, uu
  • G45 Phonogram for wa
  • G46 Phonogram for wAw
  • G47 Phonogram for tỉA. Ideogram for chick (tỉa)
  • G48 Determinative for nest (ssch)
  • G49 Determinative for nest (ssch)
  • G50 Idogramm:, washer (richtỉ)
  • G51 Determinative for fish catch (achAm) turn around (wschn)
  • G52 Determinative for feeding (snm)
  • G53 Ideogram for Ba-soul (bA)
  • G54 Phonogram for sndỉ (also phonetic Determinative) Determinative for (the bird) the neck


[edit] H - Parts of Birds

8 hieroglyphics belong to this group, listed are the signs for wing, egg, claw, feather, wing and birds heads.

[edit] I - Amphibian and Reptiles

15 hieroglyphics including amphibian or reptiles are shown, as well as the Horned viper, the Cobra, the lizard, the frog, the tadpole, the turtle, the crocodile, and the crocodile skin.

[edit] K - Fish and Parts of Fish

[edit] L - Invertebrate and Other Animals

The 7 hieroglyphics in this group include the scarab beetle, the fly, the grasshopper and the centipede.

[edit] M - Trees and Other Plants

Included in the 44 hieroglyphics of this comprehensive group are the Binse, the grass, the Papyrus, the Dattel, the Lotosblüte and the reed.

Gardiners List M1-M24.png

Beispiele

  • M1 sound sign for jAm (jmA - rarely) (jm - rarely) Determinative for tree, Sykomore (nht), Christ thorn (nbs)
  • M2 sound sign for js, j (with "I") sound sign for achn Determinative for flower (achrrt), plant
  • M3 sound sign for Determinative and Ideogram gauged for wood (gauged)
  • M4 sound sign for rnp. Ideogram for year (rnpt)
  • M5 sound sign for tr, tj, rj. Ideogram for (determined) time (tr)
  • M6 sound sign for tr, tj, rj. Ideogram for (determined) time (tr)
  • M7 sound sign for rnp into "young its" rnpj. Ideogram for young its (rnpj)
  • M8 sound sign for schA. Ideogram for Achet-season (Aicht)
  • M9 sound sign for nfr (rarely) Determinative and Ideogramm for Lotus (sschschn)
  • M10 Determinative for Lotusknospe (nachbt)
  • M11 Determinative and Ideogram for sacrifice (wdn)
  • M12 sound sign for ichA abbreviation for 1,000 (ichA). Lotus
  • M13 sound sign for wAdj, wdj. Ideogram for Papyrus (wAdj)
  • M14 sound sign for wAdj, wdj
  • M15 Determinative and Ideogram for lower Egypt (ta-mnachw), papyrus swamp (djyt), papyrus zone and water zone
  • M16 sound sign for achA Determinative and Ideogram for lower Egypt (ta-mnachw)
    M17
  • M17 sound sign for j, i. Ideogram for blooming reed tube (j), I (j). This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the sound “i”. In doubling of this sign, one receives the sound "j" (English: "Y").
  • M18 Ideogram for come (jj)
  • M19 Determinative and Ideogram for victim (aAbt)
  • M20 sound sign for sm. Ideogram for country (visibility), hall
  • M21 sound sign for sm Determinative and Ideogram for herb (sm), plant
  • M22 sound sign for nichb, also in "God Nechbat " (nichb)
    M23
  • M23 sound sign for sw Ideogram for Sut-Binse (swt), in (nsw) king graphic preceded
  • M24 sound sign for rs (w) only in words with primary meaning "south"
    Gardiners List M25-M44.png
  • M25 sound sign for rs (w) only in words with primary meaning "south"
  • M26 sound sign for schma
  • M27 sound sign for schma. Ideogram for waiter Egypt (schma)
  • M28 abbreviation: Zehner of waiter Egypt (mdj-w schma) in the title (wr-mdj-w schma)
  • M29 sound sign for ndjm. Pointing sign for Johannisbrot
  • M30 Determinative and Ideogram for sweetly (bnr). Ideogram for Dattel.
  • M31 Determinative for grow (rd) grow (rd)
  • M32 Determinative for
  • M33 Determinative and Ideogram for barley (jt), grain, grains
  • M34 Determinative and Ideogram for Emmer (bdt) (btj)
  • M35 Determinative for pile (aachaw)
  • M36 sound sign for djr
  • M37 sound sign for djr
  • M38 Determinative for Flachs (macha), together bandage (dmA)
  • M39 Determinative for plant victim (rnpt)
  • M40 sound sign for js (jz). Ideogram for tube (jsw)
  • M41 Determinative for juniper (wan), foreign wood
  • M42 sound sign for wn abbreviation for eat (wnm)
  • M43 Determinative for wine (jrp), fig (dAd), fruit
  • M44 Determinative for thorn (srt), tip (spd), sharply


[edit] N - Sky, Earth and Water

Gardiners List N1-N24.png

The 42 hieroglyphics that make up this group which does not stand unconditionally in the same context, include: Sun, star, moon, sky, earth, mountains, street, canal, slope, etc.

  • N1 sound sign for alas (j), hrw (rarely) (both also phon. Det.) Determinative and Ideogram for sky (pt) (achrt), God groove (nwt)
  • N2 Determinative and Ideogram for night (grach), darkness (kkw)
  • N3 Determinative and Ideogram for night (grach), darkness (kkw)
  • N4 Determinative and Ideogram for cable (jAdt), rain storm (schnyt), rain
  • N5 Determinative and Ideogram for sun (ra), actions of the sun: rise (wbn), day (hrw), hour (wnwt), time
  • N6 Determinative and Ideogram for sun (ra)
  • N7 For sunshine (Aichw), seem (psdj) abbreviation for suns people (achnmmmt)
  • N9 sound sign for psdj. Ideogram for new moon festival (psdjntjw) abbreviation for psdj in Gods novelty (psdjt)
  • N10 sound sign for psdj. Ideogram for new moon festival (psdjntjw) abbreviation for psdj in Gods novelty (psdjt)
  • N11 sound sign for aach in earth coat (waach). Ideogram: Moon (jaach) abbreviation / Determinative for month (Abd), hand width (schsp)
  • N12 Determinative for moon (jaach)
  • N13 Ideogram for half month firm (15. day) (*smdt)
  • N14 sound sign for sbA, dwA Determinative and Ideogram for star (dbA), Sothis (spdt), Sernbild, Sirius abbreviation: - Hour (wnwt), priest shaft
  • N15 Ideogram for underworld (dwAt) (dAt)
  • N16 sound sign for tA Determinative and Ideogram for country (tA), earth, in "eternity" (djt)
  • N17 sound sign for tA Determinative and Ideogram for country (tA), earth, eternity (djt)
  • N18 Determinative and Ideogram for island (jw), horizon (Aicht), deserts country
  • N19 abbreviation for Harachte (alas-Aichtj)
  • N20 sound sign for wdjb Determinative for sand bank (wdjb)
  • N21 Determinative (wdjb), country, field (visibility)
  • N23 Determinative for country (tA), irrigated country
  • N24 Determinative and Ideogram for Gau (spAt), Thinis-Gau (tA-wr), garden (achsp)
    N25
  • N25 Determinative and Ideogram for strange country (I branch), deserts country, desert (smyt), country Retjenu (rtjnw)
  • N26 sound sign for djw. Ideogram for mountain (djw)
  • N27 Ideogram for horizon (Aicht)
  • N28 sound sign for icha. Ideogram for hill of the sunrise (icha), crown
    N29
  • N29 sound sign for q Determinative and Ideogram for hill (qAA). This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the emphatic “k” (circumscribed with "q").
  • N30 Determinative and Ideogram for mound (wEEDED)
  • N31 Determinative and Ideogram for way (wADE) (mtjn), phon. Det. : alas, wA, ascend (jar), travel, army (mscha), here (aA), position abbreviation: God Horus
  • N32 sound sign for sjn (in "runner" sjnw)
  • N33 Determinative for sand (schaj), mineral, Metalkorn, gold (nbw), black eye make-up (msdmt), medicine (pachrt) pellet (tjA), Weihrauchk., enemy (ichftj), dangerous
  • N33a Determinative for plural (in place of the plural strokes)
  • N34 Determinative and Ideogram for *copper (*achmtj), brass, object out of copper or bronze, mirror out of Metal (anich)
  • N35 sound sign for n. water line. This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the consonant “n”.
    N35
  • N35a sound sign for mW Determinative and Ideogram for water (mW), wave (wAw), "river" and "lake" with "N-36, Handl. Drink (swr) water:, wash (jaj)
  • N36 sound sign for mr sound sign for mr, mJ Determinative and Ideogram for canal (mr), dear (mr), river, lake, Nile (achapj)
  • N37 sound sign for sch. Ideogram for pond (sch), lake, basin.
  • N38 sound sign for sch. Ideogram for pond (sch)
    N39
  • N39 sound sign for sch. Ideogram for pond (sch), water basin, garden basin. This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the sound “sch” (like in the German word "beautifully").
  • N40 abbreviation for go (schm)
  • N41 sound sign for achm, phon. Det. : bjA Determinative for well (achnmt), pond, march, Vagina, cow (jdt)
  • N42 sound sign for achm, phon. Det. : bjA Determinative for well (achnmt), pond, march, Vagina, cow (jdt)


[edit] O - Buildings and Parts of Buildings

Gardiners List O1-O24.png

Group O is quite extensive having 51 hieroglyphics. This group includes signs of buildings and construction of buildings including: Houses, bars,

walls, stairways, etc.

  • O1 sound sign for pr Determinative and Ideogram for house (pr), building, place, place (st), Sanktuar (jwnn), horizon (Aicht). Since the mediator empire also replacement for "p"
  • O2 abbreviation for treasure house (pr-achdj)
  • O3 abbreviation for dead victim (prt-ichw)
    O4
  • O4 sound sign for h. Ideogram for farmyard (h), was subordinate. The Ideogram for house shows reaches a primitive protection cottage out of reed tube from above, that one over a L-förmigen gear. This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the consonant “h”.
  • O5 sound sign for mr, nm Determinative for street (mrrt)
  • O6 Ideogram for (large) building (achwt) abbreviation for eight in "quarry" (respects)
  • O7 Ideogram for (large) building (achwt) abbreviation for eight in "quarry" (respects)
  • O8 abbreviation for large building (achwt-aAt)
  • O9 abbreviation for God Nephthys (nbt-achwt)
  • O10 abbreviation for God Hathor (achwt-alas)
  • O11 Ideogram for palace (aach)
  • O12 Ideogram for palace (aach)
  • O13 Determinative for gate way
  • O15 Ideogram for wide hall (wsicht)
  • O16 Determinative and Ideogram for curtain (tAyt)
  • O17 Determinative and Ideogram for curtain (tAyt)
  • O18 Determinative and Ideogram for chapel (kAr)
  • O19 Determinative for waiter Egyptian national sanctuary (pr-wr), chapels row (jtrt)
  • O20 Determinative for unterägyptisches national sanctuary (pr-nr), chapels row (jtrt), Sanktuar
  • O21 Determinative and Ideogramm for special in special-ntjr
  • O22 sound sign for achAb sound sign for achAb Determinative and Ideogramm for (Achb-sd), Sed festival
  • O24 Determinative for pyramid (mr), Memphis (mn-nfr)
    Gardiners List O25-O51.png
  • O25 Determinative and Ideogram for obelisk (tichn)
  • O26 Determinative and Ideogram for Stele (wdj) (aachaw)
  • O27 sound sign for ichA Determinative for office (ichA), pillar hall
  • O28 sound sign for jwn. Ideogram for pillar (jwn)
  • O29 sound sign for aA. Ideogram for column (aA), largely
  • O30 Determinative and Ideogram for support (sichnt)
  • O31 sound sign for aA Determinative and Ideogram for door (aA), open (wn)
  • O32 Determinative for gate way, door, gate (sbA) abbreviation for gate (sbA)
  • O33 Determinative for Serech (srich) (in the Horusnamen)
    O34
  • O34 sound sign for s. Ideogram for door bar (s). This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the stimmhaften “s” (like in the German name "Susi"). Demolish (whn) (sachnn)
  • O35 sound sign for s (in words the movement imply) abbreviation for self-service
  • O36 Determinative and Ideogram for wall (jnb), envelopment wall (sbtj)
  • O37 Determinative for, throw down, sloping its (gsA)
  • O38 Determinativefor corner (qnbt), gate way (erred) abbreviation for tm in "title" achrj n tm
  • O39 Determinative for stone (jnr)
  • O40 Determinative for stairway (rwd)
  • O41 Determinative for stairway (rwd), ascend (jar)
  • O42 for schsp, sschp
  • O44 Determinative and Ideogram for occupation (wEEDED)
  • O45 Determinative and Ideogram for harem (jpAt)
  • O46 Determinative and Ideogram for harem (jpAt)
  • O47 Ideogram for city Hierakonpolis (nichn)
  • O48 Ideogram for city Hierakonpolis (nichn)
  • O49 Determinative and Ideogram for city (njwt), village, Theben (wAst), inhabited region, Egypt (kmt)
  • O50 sound sign for sp (zp) Determinative for tennis (spt)
  • O51 Determinative and Ideogram for shed (schnwt)


[edit] P - Ships and Parts of Ships

Group P has 11 hieroglyphics which consists of the fisherman's boat, sail, mast and oars.

[edit] Q - Furniture

In group Q are 7 hieroglyphics, under that also are the head support shown here with socket and crescent support that was used above all the dead.

[edit] R - Temple

Group R consists of 25 hieroglyphics, that have to do with temples or religious rites.

[edit] S - Crowns

Gardiners List S1-S23.png
Gardiners List S24-S45.png

The meaning of the crowns is self-evident through the 45 hieroglyphics found in this group.

  • S1 Determinative and Ideogram for white crown of Upper Egypt (achdj<(u>t), white crown (schmsd) crown of Upper Egypt
  • S2 Determinative and Ideogram for white crown of Upper Egypt (achdjt), white crown (wrrt) crown of Upper Egypt
  • S3 sound sign for n Determinative and Ideogram for red crown of lower Egypt (dschrt), red crown (replaces (bjt) in the title sdjAwtj-bjtj
  • S4 sound sign for n (rarely) Determinative for red crown, Net-crown (nt)
  • S5 Determinative for double crown of Upper Egypt and lower Egypt Crown, large crown (wrrt)
  • S7 Determinative and Ideogram for blue crown (ichprsch)
  • S8 Determinative and Ideogram for Atef-crown (Atf)
  • S9 Determinative and Ideogram for double feather (schwtj)
  • S10 Determinative and Ideogram for wAachw abbreviation for carpenter (mdjach)
  • S11 sound sign for wsich Determinative and Ideogram for neck collar (wsich)
  • S12 Determinative and Ideogram for gold (nbw), white gold (djam), silver (achdj), valuable metal *S13 abbreviation for gild (nbj)
  • S14 abbreviation for white gold (djam)
  • S15 Determinative and Ideogram for Fayence (tjachnt)
  • S16 Determinative and Ideogram for Fayence (tjachnt)
  • S17 Determinative and Ideogram for Fayence (tjachnt)
  • S18 Determinative and Ideogram for Menit-Halskette (mnjt)
  • S19 Ideogram for Siegler (*sdjAwtj), (*ichtmj), (*ichtmw)
  • S20 Determinative and Ideogramm for seal (ichtm), seal ring (djbat)
  • S21 Determinative for ring (jwaw)
  • S22 sound sign for stj, st (rarely) Determinative and Ideogram for starboard (tA-wr)
  • S23 Determinative and Ideogram (dmd)
  • S24 sound sign for tjs, tjz Determinative for knot (tjst)
  • S25 Determinative for Schurz (schndjwt)
  • S26 Determinative for Schurz (schndjwt)
  • S27 Determinative and Ideogram for clothing (mnicht)
  • S28 Determinative for clothing (achbs)
    S29
  • S29 sound sign for s. Ideogram for it abbreviation: - Health (snb). The folded cloth is used an on consonant sign in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the voiceless “s” (like in the German word "kiss").
  • S30 sound sign for sf
  • S31 sound sign for smA
  • S32 sound sign for sjA Determinative and Ideogram for material with fringes (sjAt)
  • S33 sound sign for tjb, tb Determinative and Ideogram for sandal (tjbt)
  • S34 sound sign for anch. Ideogram for sandal strap (anich) abbreviation for life (anich)
  • S35 Ideogram and Determinative for shadow (schwt), military standard (sryt) (also Det.)
  • S36 Ideogram and Determinative for shadow (schwt), God Hepui (achpwj), military standard (sryt) (also Det.)
  • S37 Ideogram and Determinative for frond (ichw)
  • S38 sound sign for achqA. Ideogram and Determinative for Heqat-scepter (achqAt), ruler (achqA)
  • S39 sound sign for awt
  • S40 sound sign for wHAT, djam. Sound sign for wHAT, wOVE (unclearly). Ideogram and Determinative for what-scepter (wHAT) abbreviation for good fortune (wHAT)
  • S41 sound sign for djam
  • S42 sound sign for abA (also phon. Det.), sichm. Ideogram and Determinative for Oba-scepter (abA), control (ichrp)
  • S43 sound sign for md (w). Ideogram for walking stick (mdw)
  • S44 Ideogram and Determinative for Ames-scepter (Ams)
  • S45 Ideogram and Determinative for scourge (nichAichA)


[edit] T - War, Hunt and Butcher Shop

Gardiners List T1-T18.png
Gardiners List T19-T35.png

35 hieroglyphics are found in group T, whose signs have all to do with the killing and catching of animals (and persons) something.

  • T1 sound sign for mn, mnw (rarely)
  • T2 Determinative: for kill (sqr)
  • T3 sound sign for achdj. Ideogram for thigh (achdj)
  • T4 sound sign for achdj. Ideogram for thigh (achdj)
  • T5 sound sign for achdj
  • T6 sound sign for achdjdj<(u>
  • T7 Determinative for ax (mjnbt), chop (mdjach) abbreviation for carpenter (mdjach)
  • T7a Determinative for ax (Aqachw)
  • T8 sound sign for tp *T8a Determinative for dagger (bAgsw)
  • T9 sound sign for pdj (pd) Determinative and Ideogram for arch (pdjt)
  • T9a sound sign for pdj (pd) Determinative and Ideogram for arch (pdjt)
  • T10 Determinative for arch (pdjt) (jwnt)
  • T11 sound sign for sschr, special, sjn, swn Determinative for arrow (schsr)
  • T12 sound sign For rwdj, rwd, Ar, Aj Determinative for hold back (Ar)
  • T13 sound sign for rs abbreviation for watchfully its (rs)
  • T14 Determinative for throw wood (amaAt), throw (qmA), foreign people, Nubier (nachsj) abbreviation en: Throw (qmA), Libya (tjachnw), Nubier (nachsj)
  • T15 Determinative for throw wood (amaAt),, foreign people, Nubier (nachsj) abbreviation en: , Libya (tjachnw), Nubier (nachsj)
  • T16 Determinative for sickle sword (ichpsch)
  • T17 Determinative and Ideogram for vehicle (wrrt)
  • T18 sound sign for schms
  • T19 sound sign for qs, qrs. Sound sign for gn, twr, twj Determinative for bone (qs), röhrenartig, shaft (mAwt)
  • T20 sound sign for qs, qrs. Sound sign for gn, twr, twj Determinative for bone (qs), röhrenartig, shaft (mAwt)
  • T21 Determinative and Ideogram for one (wa)
  • T22 sound sign for sn Determinative and Ideogram for two (snw)
  • T23 sound sign for sn Determinative and Ideogram for two (snw)
  • T24 sound sign for aach (jach) Determinative for animal with network aach (jach) catch
  • T25 sound sign for djbA (dbA). Sharpen (Dm) Ideogram for swimmer (at the fish network) (djbA)
  • T26 Determinative and Ideogram for bird trap (visibility)
  • T27 Determinative and Ideogram for bird trap (visibility)
  • T28 sound sign for alas abbreviation for under (alas)
  • T29 Determinative and Ideogram for battle place (nmt)
  • T30 Determinative for knife (ds), sharply,, cut off (damage), cut abbreviation for knife (dmt)
  • T31 sound sign for sschm
  • T32 sound sign for sschm
  • T33 sound sign for *sschm
  • T34 (nm)
  • T35 sound sign for nm Determinative and Ideogram for knife (nm)


[edit] U - Agriculture and Craft

Gardiners List U1-U21.png
Gardiners List U22-U41.png

41 hieroglyphics are in this group.

  • U1 sound sign for mA Determinative and Ideogram for sichelförmiges Steven (mA), sickle (Asich), Krummheit (ichabb)
  • U2 sound sign for mA Determinative and Ideogram for sichelförmiges Steven (mA), sickle (Asich), Krummheit (ichabb)
  • U3 sound sign for mA (only in "see" mAA)
  • U4 sound sign for mAa (only in "Maat" mAat) abbreviation for aware (mAa)
  • U5 sound sign for mAa (only in "Maat" mAat)
  • U6 sound sign for mr Determinative for Mr Determinative and Ideogram for dear (mr) (only Ideogram), up hoe (adj), ground cultivate
  • U8 sound sign for achn. Measure (ichAj) Ideogram for knee handle hoe (achnn)
  • U9 Determinative for Emmer (bdt), grain,, mass
  • U10 Determinative and Ideogram for barley (jt), Emmer (bdt), grain
  • U11 abbreviation for Heqat-measure (achqAt)
  • U12 abbreviation for Heqat-measure (achqAt)
  • U13 sound sign for hb. Sound sign for schna Determinative for plows (skA)
  • U14 sound sign for schna
  • U15 sound sign for tm
  • U16 sound sign for bjA ( = phonetic Determinative) Determinative for sled (wnsch)
  • U17 sound sign for grg. Ideogram for establish (grg)
  • U18 sound sign for grg. Ideogram for establish (grg) "select" (stp)
  • U19 sound sign for nw
  • U20 sound sign for nw
  • U21 sound sign for stp sound sign for stp in, work stp in "protection of ready" (stp-aA), stjp
  • U22 sound sign for mnich Determinative for Lochbeitel (mnich), with Lochbeitel
  • U23 sound sign for mr, from
  • U24 Ideogram for craft (achmt)
  • U25 Ideogram for craft (achmt)
  • U26 sound sign for wbA. Ideogram for open (wbA)
  • U27 sound sign for wbA. Ideogram for open (wbA)
  • U28 sound sign for djA. Ideogram for fire drilling (djA) abbreviation for safely (wdjA), healthy
  • U29 sound sign for djA. Ideogram for fire drilling (djA) abbreviation for safely (wdjA), healthy *U30 sound sign for tA. Ideogram for pots oven (tA)
  • U31 sound sign for rtach, jtach, ichnr, ichnj Determinative and Ideogram for baker (rtachtj)
  • U32 sound sign for smn (zmn) Determinative for smash (sachm), salt (alas rent), heavily (Dna)
  • U33 sound sign for tj, t, tj (especially after the sound alas). Ideogram for valve stem (tjt)
  • U34 sound sign for ichsf. Ideogram for spin (ichsf)
  • U35 sound sign for ichsf. Ideogram for spin (ichsf)
  • U36 sound sign for alas<(u>m. Ideogram for washer (alas<(u>Mww)
  • U37 Determinative for shave (achaq) plumb
  • U38 Determinative and Ideogram for scales (michAt)
  • U39 sound sign for wtjs, tjs Determinative for pennants of the scales (wtjst)
  • U40 sound sign for wtjs, tjs Determinative for pennants of the scales (wtjst)
  • U41 Determinative for the scales (tich).


[edit] V - Rope, Fiber, Basket, etc.

Gardiners List V1-V21.png
Gardiners List V22-V38.png

38 hieroglyphics make up Group V.

Pack (arf)

  • V1 sound sign for schn Determinative for cord (nwach), bind (tjs) abbreviation for 100 (scht)
  • V2 sound sign for stjA sound sign for ace
  • V3 sound sign for stjAw
  • V4 sound sign for wA
  • V5 Determinative for plan (sntj)
  • V6 sound sign for schs, schsr, sschr, g (only in the hieratischen) Determinative and Ideogram for cord (schs),, clothing (achbs)
  • V7 sound sign for schn
  • V8 sound sign for schn
  • V9 Determinative for cartridge (schnw)
  • V10 Determinative for cartridge (schnw), name, king name (the name
  • V12 sound sign for arq. Solve (fich) sound sign for arq, fich Determinative for, bind, papyrus roll (schfdw), papyrus book
  • V13 sound sign for tj (later also falsely as a "t" uses). Cattle cord, foot fetter. This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the sound “tsch”.
  • V14 sound sign for tj (becomes used around to indicate, that this sound "t" become is)
  • V15 abbreviation for do not seize (jtjj) sOWED (zA)
  • V16 sound sign for. Ideogram for knot amulet (sOWED)
  • V17 Ideogram for protection (sOWED)
  • V18 Ideogram for protection (sOWED)
  • V19 sound sign for tjmA, tmA Determinative and Ideogram for cattle hurdle (mdjt),, mat (tmA), sack (achAr)
  • V20 sound sign for mdj abbreviation for 10 (mdj)
  • V21 sound sign for mdj
  • V22 sound sign for make make
  • V23 sound sign for
  • V24 sound sign for wdj, wd
  • V25 sound sign for wdj, wd
  • V26 sound sign For adj, ad, andj Determinative for spool (adj)
  • V28 sound sign for alas. More turned composed. This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the consonant “h” (an emphatic sound, how it typically is for the Arabic language).
  • V29 sound sign for sk, wAach. Phonetic Determinative: wAach Determinative for ichsr
  • V30 sound sign for nb. Ideogram for basket (nbt), each (nr), everyone, gentleman
  • V31 sound sign for k. Ideogram for you (to the man said). Körbchen with handle. This on consonant sign is used in the so named Hieroglyphen-ABC to the reproduction of the consonant “k”.
  • V32 sound sign for msn. Phonetic Determinative: gAw Determinative for harpooned (msnw), duties (gAwt)
  • V33 sound sign for sschr, g (rarely), schs Determinative and Ideogram for lines (sschr), pack up (arf), bind (jdr), lines bag
  • V34 sound sign for sschr, g (rarely), schs Determinative and Ideogram for lines (sschr), pack up (arf), bind (jdr), lines bag
  • V35 sound sign for sschr, g (rarely), schs Determinative and Ideogram for lines (sschr), pack up. Ideogram for a container (achn)
  • V37 sound sign for jdr (also phonetic Det.) Determinative for bind (jdr) *V38 Determinative for bandage (wt), mummy cloth *V39 Ideogram for Tit-amulet (tjt)


[edit] W. Vessels of Stone and Earthenware

[edit] X - Loaf and Cake

Group X includes 8 hieroglyphics.

[edit] Y - Letters, Games, and Music

Group Y has 8 hieroglyphics.

[edit] Z - Geometric Figures

[edit] AA - Unclassified Hieroglyphics

Group AA contains 31 hieroglyphics.

[edit] Images

[edit] Footnotes

  1. ^ C. Rushing Translation, 2008


[edit] See also

[edit] References

  • Budge, Sir E.A.Wallis. An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary, in Two Volumes, Sir E.A.Wallis Budge, (Dover Publications, Inc. New York), c 1920, Dover Edition, c 1978. (Large categorized listings of Hieroglyphs, Vol 1, pp. xcvii-cxlvii (97-147) (25 categories, 1000+ hieroglyphs), 50 pgs.)
  • Wilkinson, Richard. Reading Egyptian Art, A Hieroglyphic Guide to Ancient Egyptian Painting and Sculpture, Richard H. Wilkinson, with 450 Illustrations, (Thames & Hudson Ltd, London), c 1992.

[edit] External links

Categories: Egyptology | Ancient languages | Hieroglyphs

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