viernes, 8 de enero de 2010

Neferhotep I

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Contenido





Archivo:Neferhotep I - Bologna - By Stefano Bolognini.JPG
Estatua de Neferhotep I. Museo civico Archeologico di Bologna.

Jasejemra Neferhotep, o Neferhotep I, fue un faraón de la dinastía XIII de Egipto, que reinó de c. 1705 a 1694 a. C.[1]

Este soberano figura en el registro VI,25 del Canon Real de Turín como Jasejemra Neferhotep, con un reinado de once años y un mes.

Era el hermano mayor de Neferkara (Sebekhotep IV) y disfrutó de un reinado relativamente largo, en comparación con los faraones de su dinastía, de más de once años.

Su nombre de Trono, Jasejemra, quiere decir "Poderosa es la apariencia de Ra".

Contenido

[ocultar]

Testimonios de su época [editar]

Se han encontrado muestras de su reinado en la isla de Sehel (su nombre está grabado en las rocas siete veces), dos estelas en Abidos (del segundo y cuarto año de su reinado) y otra más en Biblos. Hay unos sesenta escarabeos de este faraón y al menos dos sellos cilíndricos. También se conservan una estatua, encontrada en Elefantina, y otras dos halladas en Karnak.

Titulatura [editar]

Titulatura Jeroglífico Transliteración (transcripción) - traducción - (procedencia)
Nombre de Horus:
G5


U17
N17
N17


Srxtail2.GIF
grg t3.uy (Geregtauy)
El que ha fundado las Dos Tierras (Egipto)
Nombre de Nebty:
G16
F13
p Z9
U5
D36
t
Y1
H6
up m3ˁ.t (Upmaat)
El que juzga con moderación
Nombre de Hor-Nub:
G8
mn
n
U7
r
w&t
mn mr.ut (Menmerut)
De amor duradero
Nombre de Nesut-Bity:
nswt&bity

Hiero Ca1.svg

N5 N28
D36
Y8


Hiero Ca2.svg

ḫˁ sḫm rˁ (Jasejemra)
Poderosa es la apariencia de Ra
Nombre de Sa-Ra:
G39 N5


Hiero Ca1.svg

nfr R4
t p


Hiero Ca2.svg

nfr ḥtp (Neferhotep)
Hermosa satisfacción


Referencias [editar]

Notas
  1. Krauss.
Referencias digitales

Enlaces externos [editar]


Predecesor:
Sebekhotep III
Faraón
Dinastía XIII
Sucesor:
Sahathor

Categorías:
Faraones | Dinastía XIII

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Neferhotep I
Archeological Museum of Bologna (Italy)
Archeological Museum of Bologna (Italy)
Pharaoh of Egypt
Predecessor Sobekhotep III
Successor Sobekhotep IV

Neferhotep I was an Egyptian king of the Thirteenth Dynasty and one of the most powerful rulers of this dynasty. The Turin Canon assigns him a reign length of 11 years.

Neferhotep I came from a military family. His grandfather Nehy held the title ‘officer of a town regiment’. Nehy was married to a woman called Senebtysy. Nothing is known about her, other than that she held the common title ‘lady of the house’. Their only known son was a person called Haankhef. He appears in the sources always as ‘God’s father’, who was married to a certain Kemi. These are the parents of Neferhotep I.

The family of Neferhotep I seems to have come from Thebes; at least, the brother king Sobekhotep IV states that he was born there, on a stela set up during his reign in the temple of Amun at Karnak. However, the main capital in the Thirteenth Dynasty was still Itjtawy in the North, near the modern village el-Lisht.

A woman called Senebsen is known as his wife. King Neferhotep I is known from a relatively high number of objects found across all parts of Egypt and Egyptian-controlled Lower Nubia. In the Turin King List he is given a reign of eleven years, one of the longest of this period. He is also known from a relief found at Byblos.

The most important monument of the king is a large, heavily eroded stela dating to year two of the king’s reign, found at Abydos. The inscription on the stela is one of the few ancient Egyptian royal texts to record how a king might conceive of, and order the making of a sculpture.

From the reign of Neferhotep I there are also numerous inscriptions in the Aswan region, mentioning his name, the name of family members and officials serving under this king. It is from these inscriptions that we know his wife (Senebsen) and the children.

It is not known under which circumstances Neferhotep I died after his reign of eleven years. His successor was his brother, who is known in Egyptology as Sobekhotep IV and who is perhaps the most important ruler of the Thirteenth Dynasty. Another brother, Sihathor appears in the Turin King List as successor, but there is no real proof that he ever became king.

There are several monuments mentioning Neferhotep I and Sobekhotep IV together, and there is therefore a possibility that they reigned for some time together. However, this is nothing more than a guess and is not proven by any monuments found. Nevertheless the reigns of these two brothers in the Thirteenth Dynasty mark the peak of this otherwise rather shaky era. There are many private monuments datable under these kings, and especially in sculpture some remarkably high quality art works were produced.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  • K.S.B. Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate PeriodCarsten Niebuhr Institute Publications, vol. 20. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, 1997). (
Categories: Pharaohs of the Thirteenth dynasty of Egypt

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