lunes, 28 de diciembre de 2009

Iuput II

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De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre


Iuput II es un controvertido faraón de la dinastía XXIII; rey de Leontópolis en el Bajo Egipto

de c. 754 a 715 a. C.

Archivo:IuputII-Relief BrooklynMuseum.png
Iuput II. Brooklyn Museum

Es hijo de Rudamon y ejerce un limitado poder en Leontópolis y Tebas.

En 747 a. C. se forman tres nuevos reinos, además del de Tanis y Leontópolis:

Egipto cuenta en esta época con no menos de cinco gobernantes que apenas reconocen a los grandes dirigentes de la provincia del norte.

Iuput II va a aliarse con Osorkon IV (dinastía XXII), luego con Tafnajt (dinastía XXIV), para intentar detener el avance del rey de Napata, Pianjy (dinastía XXV), que organiza la invasión kushita.

Después de Iuput quizá reinaría en Leontópolis Sheshonq VI, pero su existencia es más que dudosa.

Testimonios de su época [editar]

  • Bajorrelieve representando al faraón (Brooklyn Museum)
  • Una inscripción en un pectoral con el nombre shesh; no obstante puede tratarse de una mención a Sheshonq III.

Titulatura [editar]

Titulatura Jeroglífico Transliteración (transcripción) - traducción - (procedencia)
Nombre de Nesut-Bity:
nswt&bity

Hiero Ca1.png

N5 F12 U4 D36
X1


Hiero Ca2.svg

usr m3ˁt rˁ (Usermaatra)
Poderosa es la justicia (Maat) de Ra
Nombre de Sa-Ra:
G39 N5

Hiero Ca1.svg

M17 Y5
N35
U7
W1 G38 E9 G43 Q3
X1


Hiero Ca2.svg

Iuput s3 bstt mr imn (Iuput Sabastet Meryamón)
Iuput, Amado de Amón, hijo de Bastet
Predecesor:
Rudamon
Faraón
Dinastía XXIII
Sucesor:
Tafnajt

Categorías: Faraones | Dinastía XXIII


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Archivo:IuputII-Relief BrooklynMuseum.png
Relief of Iuput II. Third intermediate period, circa 754-720/715 B.C. in the Brooklyn Museum in New York

Iuput II (also spelled Yuput II) was a ruler of Leontopolis in the Egyptian Delta region of Lower Egypt who existed during the late Third Intermediate Period. He was an ally of Tefnakht of Sais who resisted the invasion of Lower Egypt by the Kushite king Piye.[1] Iuput II ruled during a chaotic time of the Late Intermediate Period when several kings controlled Lower Egypt including Osorkon IV at Bubastis and prince Tefnakht at Sais. Year 21 of Iuput II is attested on a stela from Mendes.[2] The respected English Egyptologist Kenneth Kitchen states that this dated stela which features Smendes, the son of Harnakht and ruler of Mendes, bears Iuput's name but lacks his royal name or prenomen.[3] However, the clear Lower Egyptian provenance of the stela can be associated with several monuments that name "a king Usimare Setepenamun (var. Setepenre], Iuput Si-Bast, from the Delta" which means Iuput II's throne name was Usimare.[4] The Year 21 stela of Iuput II was fully published in 1982.[5]

After Piye defeated Tefnakht's coalition and conquered Lower Egypt around Year 20 of his reign, the Nubian king permitted Iuput II to remain in power as a local governor of Leontopolis according to his Victory Stela from Gebel Barkal.[6]

[edit] Monuments

  • A stela of Iuput II is dated to his 21st year. Other monuments or objects from his reign include "a statue-base of Usimare Setepenamun, Iuput Meryamun Si-Bast from Tell el Yahudieh, a glazed plague (see picture) now in the Brooklyn Museum, and a bronze door-hinge...from Tell Moqdam (Leontopolis) bearing identical titles of the king along with [a] mention of the Chief Queen, Tent-kat [...] and some obscure epithets."[7]

[edit] References

  1. ^ Nicholas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, Blackwell Books, 1992. p.331
  2. ^ Jürgen von Beckerath, Chronologie des Pharaonischen Ägypten, Mainz, (1997), p.96
  3. ^ K.A. Kitchen, "The Third Intermediate Period in Egypt (c.1100-650 BC)," 3rd edition, 1996. Aris & Phillips Ltd. p.542
  4. ^ Kitchen, p.542
  5. ^ J. Chappaz, Geneva 30 (1982), pp.71-81
  6. ^ Grimal, p.339
  7. ^ Kitchen, pp.124-125 Note: Kitchen states on page 542 that in the first 1972 edition of his TIPE book, he had opted to attribute these objects and the stela "to Iuput I, as being potentially the more important ruler of the two Iuputs, through his association with the founder of the Dynasty (ie. Pedubast I). However, later studies have shown that the opposite solution is preferable, i.e. that [the] monuments...with the Usimare prenomen probably belong to Iuput II, not I. In 1975, I also changed over to that option (CdE 52(1977), 42-44, and cf. foreword to Bierbrier, LNKE, 1975, p.x)"
Categories: Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt | Pharaohs | Egyptian people

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