lunes, 14 de diciembre de 2009

Dinastía Ptolemaica

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Archivo:Ptolemy I Soter Louvre Ma849.jpg
Ptolomeo I Sóter.

La Dinastía Ptolemaica es aquella fundada por Ptolomeo I Sóter, general de Alejandro Magno. Esta dinastía gobernó en Egipto durante el período Helenístico desde la muerte de Alejandro hasta el año 30 a. C., en que se convirtió en provincia romana. También se la conoce con el nombre de dinastía Lágida, pues Lagos se llamaba el padre (o presunto padre) de Ptolomeo I.

Ptolomeo I estableció la capital de este reino en Alejandría, una gran ciudad en aquella época. Fue uno de los grandes centros comerciales e intelectuales de la antigüedad.

Esta dinastía adoptó desde el principio las costumbres egipcias. Fue constante enemiga de la dinastía macedonia seléucida. Fue durante el reinado de uno de sus monarcas (Ptolomeo V) cuando se publicó (en el 197 a. C.) un decreto en tres tipos de escritura sobre una piedra negra que se conoce hoy en día como Piedra de Rosetta.

En algunos momentos de su historia, la dinastía ptolemaica (o tolemaica) dominó CirenaicaLibia), así como el sur de Canaán y Chipre. (al noreste de la actual

Su último gobernante fue la célebre Cleopatra. Tras su muerte y la de su hijo, CesariónPtolomeo XV), la dinastía concluyó y Egipto fue anexionado por Augusto al Imperio Romano. (

Contenido





Faraones y reinas [editar]

Archivo:Lagidas.gif
Árbol genealógico de la dinastía ptolemaica. [1]
Archivo:Diadochen1.png
Imperio ptolemaico (en color azul)

Titulatura [editar]

Cartucho egipcio de los ptolomeos: P T U L M Y S
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Cronología gráfica [editar]

Véase también [editar]

Referencias [editar]

Referencias digitales

Enlaces externos [editar]

Commons


Dinastía precedente Periodo helenístico de Egipto Dinastía siguiente
Dinastía Macedónica Dinastía Ptolemaica Periodo Romano
Categorías: Periodo helenístico de Egipto | Dinastía Ptolemaica

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



Ancient Egyptian History Ankh.svg

Dynasties of Ancient Egypt




The Ptolemaic dynasty, (Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖοι, sometimes also known as the Lagids, Ancient Greek: Λαγίδαι, from the name of Ptolemy I's father, Lagus) was a Greek[1][2][3][4]Ptolemaic Empire in Egypt during the Hellenistic period. Their rule lasted for 275 years, from 305 BC to 30 BC. royal family which ruled the

Ptolemy, a somatophylax, one of the seven bodyguards who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. In 305 BC, he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (saviour). The Egyptianspharaohs of independent Egypt. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 BC. soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the

All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy. Ptolemaic queens, some of whom were the sisters of their husbands, were usually called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt.

Contents





[edit] Ptolemaic rulers and consorts

File:Diadochen1.png
Kingdom of Ptolemy Other diadochi Kingdom of Cassander Kingdom of Lysimachus Kingdom of Seleucus Epirus Other Carthage Rome Greek colonies

The dates in brackets are regnal dates for the kings. They frequently ruled jointly with their wives, who were often also their sisters. Several queens exercised regal authority, but the most famous and successful was Cleopatra VII (51 BC-30 BC), with her two brothers and her son as successive nominal co-rulers. Several systems exist for numbering the later rulers; the one used here is the one most widely used by modern scholars. Dates are years of reign.

[edit] Simplified Ptolemaic family tree

Many of the relationships shown in this tree are controversial. The issues are fully discussed in the external links.

EgyptianPtolemies2.jpg

[edit] Other members of the Ptolemaic dynasty

[edit] Medical analysis

A number of the Ptolemaic dynasty are described as being extremely obese, whilst sculpturescoins reveal prominent eyes and swollen necks. Familial Graves' disease could explain the swollen necks and eye prominence (exophthalmos), although this is unlikely to occur in the presence of morbid obesity. and

In view of the familial nature of these findings, members of this dynasty likely suffered from a multi-organ fibrotic condition such as Erdheim–Chester disease or a familial multifocal fibrosclerosis where thyroiditis, obesity and ocular proptosis may have all occurred concurrently.[5]

[edit] Literature

  • J. G. Manning The Last Pharaohs - Egypt Under the Ptolemies, 305-30 BC, 2009

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Cleopatra: A Sourcebook (Oklahoma Series in Classical Culture) by Prudence J. Jones (Author) page14“They were members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Macedonian Greeks, who ruled Egypt after the death of its conqueror, Alexander the Great.”
  2. ^ Women in Hellenistic Egypt By Sarah B. Pomeroy page 16 “while Ptolemaic Egypt was a monarchy with a Greek ruling class."
  3. ^ the Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. “,Cleopatra VII was born to Ptolemy XII Auletes (80–57 BCE, ruled 55–51 BCE) and Cleopatra, both parents being Macedonian Greeks.
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt by Kathryn Bard page 488 “ Ptolemaic kings were still crowned at Memphis and the city was popularly regarded as the Egyptian rival to Alexandria, founded by the Macedonian Greeks.” Page 687” During the Ptolemaic period, when Egypt was governed by rulers of Greek descent…”
  5. ^ Ashrafian H. (2005) Familial proptosis and obesity in the Ptolemies. J. R. Soc. Med. 98(2):85-86

[edit] External links

Categories: 305 BC establishments | Ptolemaic dynasty | Royal families




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