miércoles, 18 de noviembre de 2009

Re: [AE-ES] Noticia : Director de Arqueologia Egipcia, Honoris Causa de Univerdidad Chilena






Creado por juancas  correo del 18 de Noviembre del 2009

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Isla de Sehel 019

Museo Alejandría 02

Museo Alejandría 01


J. L. en pirámide roja

Estimado Roberto,

La Universidad Católica Santo Domingo queda en la caribeña República Dominicana, no en nuestra hermana República de Chile. Supongo que está vinculado a la intervención de una especialista dominicana en la excavación de Taposiris Magna.

¡Saludos desde Buenos Aires!


  1. Resultados de imágenes de Taposiris Magna

    - Informar sobre las imágenes
  2. Busiris (Bajo Egipto) - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    Per Usir significa "La Morada de Osiris" y la transcripción helenizada del nombre es Busiris, la antigua Taposiris Magna. ...

The Temple of Taposiris Magna The temple was built in the Ptolemy era and finished the construction of Alexandria. The temple is located in Abusir, the western suburb of Alexandria. The temple was dedicated to Osiris. Only the outer wall and the pylons remain from the temple. There is evidence to prove that sacred animals were worshipped there. Archeologists found an animal necropolis near the temple. Remains of a Christian church show that the temple was used as a church in later centuries. Also found in the same area are remains of public baths built by the emperor Justinian, a seawall, quays and a bridge. Near the beach side of the area, we can see the remains of a tower built by Ptolemy II Philadelphus. The tower was an exact scale replica of the destroyed Alexandrine Pharos Lighthouse.

Tomado de: http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/taposiris.htm

The enclosure walls of the Osiris temple at Taposiris MagnaTaposiris Magna, one of the ancient towns located on Lake Mariut, is today called Abusir. Its ancient name implies that it was a tomb of Osiris, and therefore was considered to be one of numerous places where one of the scattered parts of that god's body was buried after being dismembered by his brother Seth. Isis, of course, also had a strong following in the Taposiris. The town site may have been inhabited since Predynastic times, and during the Persian Period in Egypt, it became the capital of the petty kingdom of Marea. Among the city's many claims to fame is that it is home to the oldest known wine press and one of the earliest constructed bridges.

Plan of the Temple of OsirisStrabo mentions the site, and tells us that it is a city "which is not on the sea and holds a great public festival". It was also known to geographers such as Pseudo-Scylax of Caryanda (c. 350 BC) and Claudius Ptolemaeus (second century AD), and it was indicated on the tabula peutingeriana, a map of the ancient world copied in 1265 from an original that probably dated back to the second century. Napoleon's scholars recorded its monuments in 1801.

The great festival alluded to by StraboOsiris, one of Egypt's most important ancient gods. The ruins of his temple that crown a ridge of rocks that separate the lake from the sea remain substantial. The enclosure wall that measured 100 by 85 meters with two meter this walls still rise to a height of ten meters. There are two pylons on the eastern wall, and inside are staircases and service rooms. The construction of the sanctuary in Another view of the Temple of Osiris at Taposiris Magna this temple is attributed to Ptolemy II. was almost certainly the ceremonies honoring

However, the temple that once stood in the center of the enclosure is now gone. It was replaced by a church in the fourth century. However, the Ptolemic temple must have been of the Doric style, as attested to by the column fragments that were reused in more recent construction inside the enclosure. Saint-Genis confirmed this in 1801, and Marseillais Pascal Coste, a generation later, writes that"

"...all the way round this ruin and in its center one sees fragments of capitals, of cornices with triglyphs, fluted column drums 55 cm in diameter and other details of the Greek Doric. This supports the assumption that this building is of the Ptolemaic period."

The pylons of the temple of Osiris at Taposiris MagnaAt the base of the enclosure wall are a series of small rooms, as well as some flights of steps that gave access to the top of the walls. We believe that this is what is left of a Roman military camp.

Along the summit of the rocky ridge is the city necropolis and the quarries, which were worked into the nineteenth century. This soft limestone has been worked since antiquity, but during modern times, this work has damaged some of the surrounding tombs. Here, there are simple pits barely large enough to hold a man, as well as shaft grave with a square opening sunk five or six meters down into the rock that gave access to lateral chambers.

The largest tombs located here have a corridor that is cut into the rock that in turn leads to an atrium and to subterranean rooms, some of which were very large. Unfortunately, the sarcophagi have now disappeared. However, above one of these large tombs, one local citizen raised a The scale replica of the Pharos Lighthouse at Taposiris Magna very interesting monument. It appears to be a replica of Pharos, the famous lighthouse at Alexandria

considered to be the Seventh Wonder of the Ancient World. It consists of three tiers of carefully dressed small blocks of local limestone. The base is square, followed by an octagonal section and then a cylindrical one, in the same order as the Phraos.

This landmark stands some 30 meters high, making it about a fourth or fifth the size of the original. A staircase within gave access to the summit. Originally, there may have even been some sort of light installed as a beacon, but irregardless, it must have been an important navigational landmark by sailors on both the lake and the sea, for it can be seen from a distance on all sides. In fact, it shows as a landmark on the charts of the British Admiralty.

Another view of the replica of the Pharos Lighthouse at Taposiris Magna

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