EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO - CORREO
Creado por juancas correo del 18 de Noviembre del 2009
| Fotos de |
The Great Edict of Pharaoh Horemheb
Kings and Pharaohs
Pharaoh Thutmose III
King Sargon's Double
Pharaoh Ramses II
Teos or Tachos
Pharaoh Ramses III
Alexander the Great Introduction
Against Robbing the Poor for Dues
Against Robbing the Poor for Wood
Against Exacting Dues
On Dues for the Harem
On Slave Service
Against Stealing Hides
Against Stealing Vegetables
Comparing the Tyler Prism with the Great Edict
A single copy of the Great Edict of Pharaoh Horemheb was found just north of the 10th pylon at Karnak on a stone slab. One third of the text is now lost but enough remains to put together what we read below.
Introduction to the Great Edict of the Reign of Pharaoh Horemheb
His majesty took counsel with his heart [how he might] .... [exp]el evil and suppress lying. The plans of his majesty were an excellent refuge, repelling violence behind ...... [and delivering the Egyptians from the oppressions] which were among them. Behold, his majesty spent the whole time seeking the welfare of Egypt and searching out instances [of oppression in the land]. .... [came the scribe] of his majesty. Then he seized palette and roll; he put it into writing according to all that his majesty, the king himself said. He spoke as follows: "[My majesty] commands ... [concerning all] instances of oppression in the land.
Enactment Against Robbing the Poor of Dues for the Royal Breweries and Kitchens.
If the poor man made for himself a craft with its sail, in order to be able to serve the Pharaoh, L.P.H., [loading it with the dues for the breweries and the kitchens of the Pharaoh, and he was robbed of the craft and] the dues, the poor man stood reft of his goods and stripped of his many labors. This is wrong, and the Pharaoh will suppress it by his excellent measures. If there be a [poor man] who pays the dues of the breweries and kitchens of the Pharaoh, L.P.H., to the two deputies, [and he be robbed of his goods and his craft, my majesty commands: that every officer who seizes the dues] and taketh the craft of any citizen of the army or of any person who is in the whole land, the law shall be executed against him, in that his nose shall be cut off, and he shall be sent to Tharu.
Against Robbing the Poor of Wood Due the Pharaoh
[Furthermore, concerning the impost of wood, my majesty commands that if any officer find] a poor man without a craft, then let him bring to him a craft for his impost from another, and let him send him to bring for him the wood; thus he shall serve [the Pharaoh].
Against Exacting Dues from a Poor Man thus Robbed
[Furthermore, my majesty commands that if any poor man be oppressed by] [robbe]ry, his cargo be emptied by theft of them, and the poor man stand reft of hi[s good]s, [no further exactions for dues shall be made from him] when he has nothing. For it is not good, this report of very great injustice. My majesty commands that restitution be made to him; behold .... .
Against Robbing the Poor of Dues for the Harem or the Gods by the Soldiers
[Furthermore, as for those who] ... and those who bring to the harem, likewise for the offerings of all gods, paying dues to the two deputies of the army and ... [my majesty commands that if any officer is guilty of extortions or thefts], the law [shall be executed] against him, in that his nose shall be cut off, and (he) shall be sent to Tharu likewise.
Against Unlawful Appropriation of Slave Service
When the officers of the Pharaoh's house of offerings have gone about tax-collecting in the towns, to take [katha-plant], [they have seized the slaves of the people, and kept them at work] for 6 days or 7 days, without one's being able to depart from them afar, so that it was an excessive detention indeed. It shall be done likewise against them. If there be any place [where the stewards shall be tax-collecting, and any one] shall hear, saying: "They are tax-collecting, to take katha-plant for themselves," and another shall come to report, saying: "My man slave (or) my female slave has been taken away [and detained many days at work by the stewards;" it shall be done likewise against them.]
Against Stealing of Hides by the Soldiers
The two divisions of troops which are in the field, one in the southern region, the other in the northern region, stole hides in the whole land, not passing a year, without applying the brand of [the royal house to cattle which were not due to them, thereby increasing] their number, and stealing that which was stamped from them. They went out from house to house, beating and plundering without leaving a hide for the people .... Then the officer] of the Pharaoh went about to each one, [to collect the hides charged against him and came to the people demanding] them, but the hides were not found with them (although) the amount charged against them could be established. They satisfied them, saying: "They have been stolen from us." A wretched case is this, therefore it shall be [done] likewise.
When the overseer of the cattle of Pharaoh, L.P.H., goes about to attend to the loan-herds in the whole land, and there be not brought to him the hides of the ... which are on the lists, [he shall not hold the people responsible for the hides if they have them not, but they shall be released by command of his majesty] according to his just purposes. As for any citizen of the army, (concerning) whom one shall hear, saying: "He goeth about stealing hides," beginning with this day, the law shall be executed against him, by beating him a hundred blows, opening five wounds, and taking from him by force the hides which he took.
Against Connivance of Dishonest Inspectors with Thievish Tax-Collectors, for a Share of the Booty
Now, as for the other instance of evil which the [official staff were accustomed to commit, when they held inspection] in the land, of that which happened [against the law], [the table-scribe of] the queen and the table-scribe of the harem went about after the official staff, punishing them and investigating their affair ...... of the one who sailed down-or up-river. One investigated it among the officials in the time of the King Menkheperre (Thutmose III). Now, when the one who sailed down-or up-river whom they took; and when [the superior officials of] [the king], Menkheperre, went about [after these officials] each year, [that they might make an] expedition to the city, and that these superior officials might come to these officials, saying: "Give thou [to us] the consideration for the careless expedition;" then, behold, the Pharaoh, L.P.H., made the expedition at the feast of Opet1) each year without carelessness. One prepared the way before the Pharaoh [and questioned the local magistrate, wherever he] landed, [concerning the corrupt official] causing him to ......what he (the corrupt official) was like. As for one who goes about again, afterward, to seek the consideration ......, then these officials shall go about with the expedition concerning the affairs of these poor people ...... My majesty commands to prevent that one shall do thus, beginning with this day ..... the landing; he is the one against whom one shall prosecute it.
Against Stealing Vegetables Under Pretense of Collecting Taxes
Likewise the collection of vegetables for the breweries [and kitchens of the Pharaoh and] ..... [Extortion was practiced, and the officials plundered] the poor, taking the best of their vegetables, saying: "They are for the impost [of the Pharaoh]." [Thus they] robbed the poor of their labors, so that a double [impost was levied. Now, my majesty commands that as for any officials who come to] collect vegetables [for] the impost of Pharaoh, L.P.H., in the arbors, and the .... houses of the estates of Pharaoh, L.P.H., and the ... of Pharaoh which contain vegetables, (concerning whom) one shall hear, saying: "They ... for any ... of any citizen of the army, or [any] people, [beginning with this day, the law shall be executed against them] ...... transgressing commands.
Enactments Too Fragmentary for Analysis
Now as far as these officials of the herds, who go about ...... in the southern region or the northern region collecting grain from the [citizens] of the city .... going about .... in the southern region or northern region collecting ... from the poor ... .
......... going about taking possession to bring every citizen, to cause them to see ... (concerning whom) one shall hear, (saying) ".... a crime, .... collection of the harem who go about in the [towns tax-collecting] ...... the ... of the fishermen .... carrying the ..... .
Narratives of the King's Reforms, Containing also an Enactment against Corrupt Judges
Appointment of Two Judges
I have improved this entire land ...... I have sailed it, as far as south of the wall, I have given ..., I have learned its whole interior, I have traveled it entirely in its midst, I have searched in .... [and I have sought two officials] perfect in speech, excellent in good qualities, knowing how to judge the innermost heart, hearing the words of the palace, the laws of the judgment-hall. I have appointed them to judge the Two Lands, to satisfy those who are in ...... . [I have given to each one] his seat; I have set them in the two great cities of the South and the North; every land among them cometh to him without exception; I have put before them regulations in the daily register [of the palace] ........ I have directed [them] to the way of life; I led them to the truth, I teach them, saying: "Do not associate with others of the people; do not receive the reward of another, not hearing .... . How, then, shall those like you judge others, while there is one among you committing a crime against justice.
Now, as to the obligation of silver and gold ....... [my] majesty remits it, in order that there be not collected an obligation of anything from the official staff of the South and North.
Punishment of Bribery
Now, as for any official or any priest (concerning whom) it shall be heard, saying: "He sits, to execute judgment among the official staff appointed for judgment, and he commits a crime against justice therein;" it shall be against him a capital crime. Behold, my majesty has done this, to improve the laws of Egypt, in order to cause that another should not be ........... .
Appointment of Local Courts
[Behold, my majesty appointed] the official staff of the divine fathers, the prophets of the temples, the officials of the court of this land and the priests of the gods who comprise the official staff out of desire that they shall judge the citizens of every city. My majesty is legislating for Egypt, to prosper the life of its inhabitants; when he appeared upon the throne of Re. Behold, the official staffs have been appointed in the whole land ... all ... to comprise the official staffs in the cities according to their rank.
The King's Audiences and Largesses
.... They went around ... times a month, which he [made] for them like a feast; every man set down at a portion of every good thing, of good bread, and meat of the storehouses, of royal provision .....; their voices reached heaven, praising all benefits ... the heart of all the soldiers of the army. [The king appeared to the people] ... throwing (gifts) to them from the balcony while every man was called by his name by the king himself. They came forth from the presence rejoicing, laden with the provision of the royal house; yea, they too [grain-heaps] in the granary, every one of them [bore] barley and spelt, there was not found one who had nothing .... their cities. [If they did not complete the circuit therein within three days, [....] their khetkhet-officers hastened after them to the place where they were immediately. They were found there .....
Laudation of the King and Conclusion
Hear ye these commands which my majesty has made for the first time governing the whole land, when my majesty remembered these cases of oppression which occur before this land.
(According to James Breasted, `Records of Egypt', Vol. III)
Some overall similarities in royal self descriptions between Assyrian and Egyptian Sources
|Sennacherib Introduces Himself on Tyler Prism||Horemheb Introduces Himself in Great Edict|
|1. "The wise ruler,|
2. favorite of the great gods,
3. guardian of the right,
4. lover of justice,
5. who comes to the aid of the needy,
6. who turns to pious deeds,
7. perfect hero,
8. mighty man,
9. first among the princes,
10. the flame that consumes the insubmissive..."
| 1. "His majesty took counsel with his heart [how he might] .... [exp]el evil and suppress lying.|
2. The plans of his majesty were an excellent refuge,
3. repelling violence behind ......
4. [and delivering the Egyptians from the oppressions] which were among them.
5. Behold, his majesty spent the whole time seeking the welfare of Egypt
6. and searching out instances [of oppression in the land].
.... [came the scribe] of his majesty.
7. Then he seized palette and roll; he put it into writing
8. according to all that his majesty,
9. the king himself said.
10. He spoke as follows: "[My majesty] commands ... [concerning all] instances of oppression in the land."
| Notes and References|
1) For an illustrated and mapped demonstration of the Opet Festival see National Geographic Great Peoples of the Past - The Egyptians, Supplement to April 2001.
4) Luckenbill, `Records of Assyria', Vol. II; While punishments inflicted upon prisoners and those meted out on prisoners of war are not strictly comparable, we should remember that Egypt, under Horemheb, was in the position of a subject country, and therefore under a form of martial law. See also Lorton, `The Treatment of Prisoners in Ancient Egypt', p. 56.
|Bible Topics Main Menu Submenu|
LISTA DE REPRODUCCIÓN - PLAYLIST
- JESUCRITO I - viernes 13 de enero de 2012
- Mundo Religioso 1 - miércoles 28 de diciembre de 2011
- Mundo Religioso 2 - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- Mitología Universal 1 (Asturiana) - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- El Narrador de Cuentos - UNO - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- El Narrador de Cuentos - DOS - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
MEDICINA NATURAL, RELAJACION
- Medicina Natural - Las Plantas Medicinales 1 (Teoría) - miércoles 28 de diciembre de 2011
- Medicina Natural - Plantas Medicinales 1 y 2 (Visión de las Plantas) - miércoles 28 de diciembre de 2011
- Practica de MEDITATION & RELAXATION 1 - viernes 6 de enero de 2012
- Practica de MEDITATION & RELAXATION 2 - sábado 7 de enero de 2012
- KRSNA - RAMA - VISHNU - jueves 16 de febrero de 2012
- Gopal Krishna Movies - jueves 16 de febrero de 2012
- Yamuna Devi Dasi - jueves 16 de febrero de 2012
- SRILA PRABHUPADA I - miércoles 15 de febrero de 2012
- SRILA PRABHUPADA II - miércoles 15 de febrero de 2012
- KUMBHA MELA - miércoles 15 de febrero de 2012
- AVANTIKA DEVI DASI - NÉCTAR BHAJANS - miércoles 15 de febrero de 2012
- GANGA DEVI MATA - miércoles 15 de febrero de 2012
- SLOKAS y MANTRAS I - lunes 13 de febrero de 2012
- GAYATRI & SHANTI MANTRAS - martes 14 de febrero de 2012
- Lugares Sagrados de la India 1 - miércoles 28 de diciembre de 2011
- Devoción - PLAYLIST - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- La Sabiduria de los Maestros 1 - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- La Sabiduria de los Maestros 2 - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- La Sabiduria de los Maestros 3 - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- La Sabiduria de los Maestros 4 - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- La Sabiduría de los Maestros 5 - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- Universalidad 1 - miércoles 4 de enero de 2012
- Biografía de los Clasicos Antiguos Latinos 1 - viernes 30 de diciembre de 2011
- Swami Premananda - PLAYLIST - jueves 29 de diciembre de 2011
- Emperadores Romanos I - domingo 1 de enero de 2012
- Ajenaton, momias doradas, Hatshepsut, Cleopatra - sábado 31 de diciembre de 2011
- EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO I - jueves 12 de enero de 2012
- EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO II - sábado 14 de enero de 2012
- EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO III - lunes 16 de enero de 2012
- EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO IV - martes 17 de enero de 2012
- EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO V - miércoles 18 de enero de 2012
- EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO VI - sábado 21 de enero de 2012
- EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO VII - martes 24 de enero de 2012
- EL MARAVILLOSO EGIPTO VIII - viernes 27 de enero de 2012
- El Mundo Bíblico 1 - lunes 2 de enero de 2012 (de danizia)
- El Mundo Bíblico 2 - martes 3 de enero de 2012 (de danizia)
- El Mundo Bíblico 3 - sábado 14 de enero de 2012
- El Mundo Bíblico 4 - sábado 14 de enero de 2012
- El Mundo Bíblico 5 - martes 21 de febrero de 2012
- El Mundo Bíblico 6 - miércoles 22 de febrero de 2012
- La Bíblia I - lunes 20 de febrero de 2012
- La Bíblia II - martes 10 de enero de 2012
- La Biblia III - martes 10 de enero de 2012
- La Biblia IV - miércoles 11 de enero de 2012
- La Biblia V - sábado 31 de diciembre de 2011
Canales youtube: danielcap7, contreraspicazoa canaldesolopredica mayte37 ElOcasodelaRealidad NylaRossini elmisionero3000 christianfilmclub sergio13969586 MultiManuel37 89SuperJazzman rusmeo Revolutionministery kokinb84 prenpeace2 jespadill
Canales tu.tv: de danizia, bizzentte, santiagooblias
TABLA - FUENTES - FONTS
- inbenr11.ttf - 64 KB
- inbeno11.ttf - 12 KB
- inbeni11.ttf - 12 KB
- inbenb11.ttf - 66 KB
- indevr20.ttf - 53 KB
Disculpen las Molestias
|2007||CORREO 2007 (193)SC • 11SK • 80EA • 901SC •|
|2008||CORREO 2008 (609)SC • 1566JC • 1135SC • 1134SC|
|2009||Egiptología - URL Año 2009|
|2010||Egiptología - URL Año 2010|
|2011||ENERO | FEBRERO ||
|Antiguedad||Faraones (1) (1158)SC • Faraones (2) (1407)SC • Dinastía (1408)SC • Egyptian pantheon o Dioses egipcios (4922)JC|
TABLA de Greek Mythology
TABLA de Mitología Romana
TABLA de Otras Ramas de Mitología
TABLA - Religión Católica
- Religión Católica
- PAPAS - POPES
- MITOS DE LA BIBLIA
- Via Crucis desde Roma - 10/04/2009 (Completo) (www.populartv.net Oficiado por su Santidad el Papa Benedicto XVI). Papa Juan Pablo II (Karol Wojtyla). (Rosarium Mysteria Gloriosa | Rosarium Mysteria Doloris
- Rosarium Mysteria Gaudii)
- CATHOLIC RELIGION (2020)SK
- Category:Roman Catholicism (3219)SK
- Catolicismo (3220)SK
- Pope o Papas (3243)SK 3. Handel: Brockes Passion, HWV 48 / Marcus Creed (OedipusColoneus) (3243)SK http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QkBV6tEmYx8 4. Handel: Brockes Passion, HWV 48 / Marcus Creed (OedipusColoneus) (3243)SK http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xM3Y5CxvKcg
- Category:Popes (3221)SK
- Listado de Papas desde Pedro hasta el presente (738)EA2
- Misa del Santo Padre Benedicto XVI en la Beatificación del Papa Juan Pablo II
- Juan Pablo II, nuevo beato
- Santos Católicos
- Beato Juan Pablo II - Su Peregrinaje y Su Vida - 1978 al 1986
- Sri Garga-Samhita
- Oraciones Selectas al Señor Supremo
- Devotees Vaishnavas
- Dandavat pranams - All glories to Srila Prabhupada
- Hari Katha
- El Mundo del ANTIGUO EGIPTO II
- El Antiguo Egipto I | Archivo Cervantes | Sivananda Yoga
- Neale Donald Walsch
- ENCICLOPEDIA - INDICE
- DEVOTOS FACEBOOK
- EGIPTO - USUARIOS de FLICKR y PICASAWEB
- Otros Apartados
- MULTIPLY y OTRAS
- juancastaneira - JC
- sricaitanyadas - SC
- srikrishnadas - SK
- elagua2 - EA2
- elagua - EA
- casaindiasricaitanyamahaprabhu - CA