domingo, 14 de febrero de 2010

Ptolomeo V

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Archivo:Tetradrachm Ptolemy V.jpg
Tetradracma de Ptolomeo V.

Ptolomeo V Epífanes (Griego: Πτολεμαίος Επιφανής) (210 - 181 a. C.) fue rey de Egipto desde los catorce años. Pertenece a la dinastía ptolemaica. Fue el último de los grandes reyes lágidas, tras él las luchas dinásticas y civiles (junto al intervencionismo romano) caracterizaron el fin de la dinastía ptolomeica.

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Biografía [editar]

Su reinado comenzó haciendo frente a rebeliones internas e invasiones extranjeras. Las fuerzas de Alejandría lograron rechazar a los invasores, y derrotar a Anjunnefer, rey nativo local del Alto Egipto. Sin embargo, la mayor parte de las regiones más exteriores del reino ptolemaico fueron perdidas hacia el final del reinado.

La coronación oficial se realizó en el año 196 a. C., en Menfis, según el ritual egipcio tradicional. Con motivo de este acontecimiento, el clero egipcio publicó un decreto escrito en tres alfabetos: jeroglífico, demótico y griego, sobre una estela de piedra: la Piedra de Rosetta; este decreto fue descubierto en 1799, contribuyendo definitivamente al moderno descifrado de la escritura jeroglífica egipcia.

Los reyes Antíoco III el Grande (de la dinastía Seléucida) y Filipo V de Macedonia le declararon la guerra. Acudió Roma en su ayuda, pero esta intervención fue nefasta para el futuro del reino egipcio.

Se casó en el 193 a. C. con la princesa seleúcida Cleopatra I, hija de Antíoco III. Le sucedió en el trono su hijo Ptolomeo VI Filometor "el que ama a su madre".

Testimonios de su época [editar]

Titulatura [editar]

Titulatura Jeroglífico Transliteración (transcripción) - traducción - (procedencia)
Nombre de Nesut-Bity:
nswt&bity

Hiero Ca1.png


W10
R8
W10
R8 N36
W10 W10
F44
N35
Q3
X1
V28 U21 F12 D28 C2 C12 S42 S34


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iuˁ n nṯr.uy mr it stp n ptḥ usr kȝ rˁ sḫm ˁnḫ n imn
(iuaennecheruymerit setepenptah userkara sejemanjenamon)
Heredero de los dioses Filopator, Elegido de Ptah, El ka de Ra es poderoso, Imagen viviente de Amón
Nombre de Sa-Ra:
G39 N5


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Q3
X1
V4 E23
Aa15
M17 M17 S29 S34 D&t&N17 Q3
X1
V28 U6


Hiero Ca2.svg

p t u l m y s anḫ ḏt mr ptḥ
(Ptulmys Anjdyet Meryptah)
Ptolomeo, sempiterno, amado de Ptah

Referencias [editar]

Enlaces externos [editar]


Predecesor:
Ptolomeo IV
Faraón
Dinastía Ptolemaica
Sucesor:
Ptolomeo VI


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File:Tetradrachm Ptolemy V.jpg
Tetradrachm issued by Ptolemy V Epiphanes, British Museum

Ptolemy V Epiphanes (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Ἐπιφανής, Ptolemaĩos Epiphanḗs, reigned 204181 BCE), son of Ptolemy IV Philopator and Arsinoe III of Egypt, was the 5th ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty. He became ruler at the age of five, and under a series of regents the kingdom was paralyzed.

Ptolemy Epiphanes was only a small boy when his father, Ptolemy Philopator, died. The two leading favorites of Philopator, Agathocles and Sosibius, fearing that Arsinoe would secure the regency had her murdered before she heard of her husband's death, which secured the regency for themselves. In 202 BCE however Tlepolemus, the general in charge of Pelusium, put himself at the head of a revolt. Once Epiphanes was in the hands of Tlepolemus he was persuaded to give a sign that the killers of his mother should be killed. According to Bevan the child king's consent was given more from fear than anything else and Agathocles along with several of his supporters being killed by the Alexandrian mob [1].

Antiochus III the Great and Philip V of Macedon made a pact to divide the Ptolemaic possessions overseas. Philip seized several islands and places in Caria and Thrace, whilst the Battle of Panium (198 BCE) definitely transferred Coele-Syria, including Judea, from the Ptolemies to the Seleucids.

Antiochus after this concluded peace, giving his own daughter Cleopatra I to Epiphanes to marry (193192 BCE). Nevertheless, when war broke out between Antiochus and Rome, Egypt ranged itself with the latter power. Epiphanes in manhood was remarkable as a passionate sportsman; he excelled in athletic exercises and the chase.

File:Ptolemaic-Empire 200bc.jpg
Ptolemaic Empire in 200 BC, during the reign of Ptolemy V (before the 2nd invasion of Antiochus III).

Great cruelty and perfidy were displayed in the suppression of the native rebellion, and some accounts represent him as personally tyrannical. In 197 BCE Lycopolis was held by the forces of Ankmachis, (also known as Chaonnophris) the secessionist pharaoh of Upper Egypt, but was forced to withdraw to Thebes. The war between North and South continued until 185 BCE with the arrest of Ankmachis by Ptolemaic General Conanus.

In 183 BCE/184 BCE The rebels in Lower Egypt surrendered on the basis of terms that Epiphanes had given his personal to honour. However, showing himself in the opinion of Bevan treacherous and vindictive he had them put to death in a cruel manner.[1].

The Rosetta Stone was a statement of thanks to the Egyptian priesthood for help during the crisis.

The elder of his two sons, Ptolemy VI Philometor (181145 BCE), succeeded as an infant under the regency of his mother Cleopatra the Syrian. Her death was followed by a rupture between the Ptolemaic and Seleucid courts, on the old question of Coele-Syria.

[edit] References

[edit] External links

Preceded by
Ptolemy IV Philopator
Ptolemaic dynasty
204-181 BCE
Succeeded by
Ptolemy VI Philometor


[edit] Notes



Categories:
181 BC deaths | Pharaohs of the Ptolemaic dynasty | Hellenistic Egyptians | Ancient child rulers | 2nd-century BC rulers | 3rd-century BC rulers


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Category:Ptolemy V

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Ptolemy V Epiphanes (Manifestation of God)

  • Iuaennetjeruimerit Setepenptah Weserkare Sekhemankhenamun

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Categories: Ptolemaic dynasty | Pharaohs | 210 BC births | 180 BC deaths










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