viernes, 12 de febrero de 2010

Ptolomeo IV

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Archivo:Octadrachm Ptolemy IV BM CMBMC33.jpg
Ptolomeo IV. Octodracma.

Ptolomeo IV Filopator (Griego: Πτολεμαίος Φιλοπάτωρ), faraón de la dinastía ptolemaica, que gobernó en Egipto de 222 a 204 a. C.

Contenido


Biografía [editar]

Hijo de Ptolomeo III de Egipto y Berenice III de Cirene. Tenía un hermano llamado Magas a quien asesinó junto con sus partidarios para hacerse más fácilmente con el trono. Se casó con su hermana Arsínoe III.

Durante su reinado se vivieron intrigas dinásticas que influyeron de manera negativa en el gobierno del reino. Obtuvo un gran éxito cuando derrotó al formidable ejército de Antíoco III Megas, rey de la dinastía Seléucida.

Sin embargo en estos años perdieron la Tebaida (región del Alto Egipto), en donde un rey rebelde llamado Horunnefer tomó el control de parte del país (206-200 a. C.); desde entonces la Tebaida fue gobernada por reyes de origen nubio.

Ptolomeo IV murió inesperadamente, y este hecho fue ocultado durante bastante tiempo por sus ministros. Le sucedió su hijo Ptolomeo V Epífanes.

Archivo:Edfu44.JPG
Bajorrelieve de Uadyet y Horus (hieracoesfinge) flanqueando la titulatura de Ptolomeo IV en una capilla del templo de Edfu, Egipto.

Testimonios de su época [editar]

  • Construyó un santuario nuevo para Mut-Anta (Arnold 1999:173 - 174)
  • Pronaos para el templo del Min en Panópolis (Arnold 1999:174)
  • Templo de Nemty en Qau el-Kebir (Antaeópolis) (Arnold 1999:174)
  • Casa del nacimiento (?), mammisi, en Medamud (Arnold 1999:174)
  • Templo para Hathor en Deir el-Medina (Arnold 1999:174 - 176)
  • Renovación del templo de Montu en El-Tod (Arnold 1999:176 - 177)
  • Tumba de Osiris en Elefantina (Arnold 1999:178)
  • Templo para Arsnoufis en File (Arnold 1999:178)

Titulatura [editar]

Titulatura Jeroglífico Transliteración (transcripción) - traducción - (procedencia)
Nombre de Nesut-Bity:
nswt&bity

Hiero Ca1.png


U22
R8
U22
R8 F44
N35
Q3
X1
V28 U21
N35
F12 D28 C2 C12 S42 S34


Hiero Ca2.svg



iuˁ n nṯr.uy mnḫ.uy stp n ptḥ usr kȝ rˁ sḫm ˁnḫ n imn
(iuaennecheruymenejuy setepenptah userkara sejemanjenamon)
Heredero de los dioses Evergetes, Elegido de Ptah, El ka de Ra es poderoso, Imagen viviente de Amón
Nombre de Sa-Ra:
G39 N5


Hiero Ca1.svg

Q3
X1
V4 E23
Aa15
M17 M17 S29 S34 D&t&N17 Q1 X1
H8
U6


Hiero Ca2.svg

p t u l m y s ˁnḫ ḏt mr ˁst
(Ptulmys Anjdyet Meryast)
Ptolomeo, sempiterno, amado de Isis

Referencias [editar]

Enlaces externos [editar]


Predecesor:
Ptolomeo III
Faraón
Dinastía Ptolemaica
Sucesor:
Ptolomeo V
Categorías: Faraones | Dinastía Ptolemaica

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Contenido




File:218BCMAPMEDITERRANEAN.jpg
Mediterranean at 218 BC


File:Octadrachm Ptolemy IV BM CMBMC33.jpg

Gold octadrachm issued by Ptolemy IV Philopator, British Museum

File:PtolemyIV.jpg
Coin of Ptolemy IV Philopator, depicting his deified father Ptolemy III.

Ptolemy IV Philopator (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Φιλοπάτωρ, Ptolemaĩos Philopátōr, reigned 221-205 BC), son of Ptolemy III and Berenice II of Egypt was the fourth Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Egypt. Under the reign of Ptolemy IV, the decline of the Ptolemaic kingdom began.

His reign was inaugurated by the murder of his mother, and he was always under the dominion of favourites, male and female, who indulged his vices and conducted the government as they pleased. Self-interest led his ministers to make serious preparations to meet the attacks of Antiochus III the Great on Coele-Syria including Judea, and the great Egyptian victory of Raphia (217), where Ptolemy himself was present, secured the northern borders of the kingdom for the remainder of his reign.

The arming of Egyptians in this campaign had a disturbing effect upon the native population of Egypt, leading to the secession of Upper Egypt under pharaohs Harmachis (also known as Hugronaphor) and Ankmachis (also known as Chaonnophris), thus creating a kingdom that occupied much of the country and lasted nearly twenty years.

Philopator was devoted to orgiastic forms of religion and literary dilettantism. He built a temple to Homer and composed a tragedy, to which his favourite Agathocles added a commentary. He married (about 220 BC) his sister Arsinoë III, but continued to be ruled by his mistress Agathoclea, sister of Agathocles.

Ptolemy is said to have built a giant ship known as the tessarakonteres ("forty"), a huge type of galley. The forty of its name may refer to its number of banks of oars. The only recorded instance of this type of vessel, in fact, is this showpiece galley built for Ptolemy IV, described by Callixenus of Rhodes, writing in the 3rd century BCE, and by Athenaeus in the 2nd century AD. Plutarch also mentions that Ptolemy Philopater owned this immense vessel in his Life of Demetrios. The current theory is that Ptolemy's ship was an oversize catamaran galley, measuring 128 m 420 ft.

Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes purported events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria.

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[edit] References

Preceded by
Ptolemy III Euergetes
Ptolemaic dynasty Succeeded by
Ptolemy V Epiphanes

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Category:Ptolemy IV

From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository


Contenido





Ptolemy IV Philopator (Loving Father)

  • Juaennetjerwymenekhwy Setepenptah Weserkare Sekhemankhenamun

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Categories:
Ptolemaic dynasty | Pharaohs | 240s BC births | 205 BC deaths












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